This is simply referred to as Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment System; A solution for sanitation, wastewater treatment, and renewable energy. Anaerobic wastewater treatment consists of a variety of approaches for collection, treatment, and dispersal/reuse of wastewater for individual dwellings, industrial or institutional facilities, clusters of homes or businesses, and entire communities.
Anaerobic wastewater treatment differs from conventional aerobic treatment. The absence of oxygen leads to controlled conversion of complex organic pollution’s, mainly to carbon dioxide and methane. Anaerobic treatment has favorable effects like removal of higher organic loading, low sludge production, high pathogen removal, bio-gas gas production and low energy consumption. Anaerobic treatment can be an attractive option to conventional anaerobic digestion for municipal sewage and industrial waste-waters that are discharged at moderate to low temperature.
Keywords; Anaerobic bio-degradation, anaerobic processes, anaerobic wastewater treatment, energy recovery
An evaluation of site-specific conditions is performed to determine the appropriate type of treatment system for each location. These systems are a part of permanent infrastructure and can be managed as stand-alone facilities or be integrated with centralized sewage treatment systems.
They provide a range of treatment options from simple, passive treatment with soil dispersal, commonly referred to as septic or onsite systems, to more complex and mechanized approaches such as advanced treatment units that collect and treat waste from multiple buildings and discharge to either surface waters or the soil. They are typically installed at or near the point where the wastewater is generated.